Effects of 360 ° video virtual reality-supported reflection on student teachers’ classroom management self-efficacy and their stress levels

Atal D., Admiraal W., Saab N.

Teaching and Teacher Education, vol.144, 2024 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 144
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tate.2024.104573
  • Journal Name: Teaching and Teacher Education
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Psycinfo
  • Keywords: 360° video VR, Classroom management self-efficacy, Classroom stress, Student teacher, Virtual reality
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


This paper presents a mixed-method study to explore how effective reflection supported by 360° video VR technology is improving classroom management self-efficacy and reducing the stress levels of student teachers. Furthermore, it examined how participants evaluated strengths and weaknesses of 360° video VR. Upon examining the results of the study that compared three different groups (360° video VR, 360° video, and 2D video), it can be said that using 360° video VR to encourage discussions and reflections has the potential to be more effective in reducing stress levels, compared to using other types of videos for the same purpose.