Recognition performance of different artificial neural networks for distinguishing banana slices subjected to different combinations of pretreatment and microwave drying

ÇETİN N., Ropelewska E., Noutfia Y., Günaydın S.

Food Control, vol.163, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 163
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2024.110488
  • Journal Name: Food Control
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Index Islamicus, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Banana, Classification models, Image processing, Microwave drying, Neural networks, Pretreatment, Texture parameters
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


This study was aimed at assessing the effect of microwave drying at 100, 200, or 300 W on the quality of Cavendish banana slices without pretreatment and with pretreatment using 5% ascorbic acid solution, 5% citric acid solution, 5% gum arabic solution, and ultrasound. Banana slices were imaged using a digital single-lens reflex (SLR) camera. The acquired images were processed to extract texture parameters. The classification models were developed based on image texture parameters selected from a big dataset of 2172 textures of images in different color channels using artificial neural networks. Wide Neural Network, Bilayered Neural Network, Medium Neural Network and three classifiers from the group of function, such as RBF (Radial basis function) Network, Multilayer Perceptron, and WiSARD were applied. Banana slices belonging to 15 classes with different combinations of pretreatment and microwave drying were distinguished with an average accuracy of up to 97.2% for a model built using Multilayer Perceptron. For most models, banana samples microwave-dried at 200 W without pretreatment were classified with the highest correctness. The performed study revealed that the objective, non-destructive, correct, and robust quality assessment of pretreated and microwave-dried banana slices may be performed using image processing and artificial intelligence.