An ethical analysis of a prospective new paradigm of life: Nanotechnology-enabled human beings within the framework of principlism

Buruk B., Ekmekci P. E., Arda B.

DEVELOPING WORLD BIOETHICS, vol.24, no.2, pp.107-114, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/dewb.12394
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, MEDLINE, PAIS International, Philosopher's Index, Political Science Complete, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-114
  • Keywords: bioethics, human enhancement, nanotechnology, principlism, REVOLUTION
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Nanotechnology (NT)-enabled disease-free life is a form of reconstruction of the human body that promises a paradigm shift toward a new form of human existence in an imaginable life. However, as human reconstruction may be within the limits of the concept of "human enhancement," it is not clear to what extent "enhanced humans" will be ethically acceptable or desired. This study discusses the ethical implications of NT-embedded enhanced humans and this new imaginable life. First, ethical concerns arising from the existence of a grey zone of certain dilemmas regarding benefits and possible/unpredicted risks are addressed in terms of the four main principles of bioethics. Then, we focus on the ethical problems in human nano-enhancement. Finally, we study the methods of analyzing these ethical problems within the framework of principlism to conceive a comprehensive and coherent bioethical understanding.