Preoperative ALBI grade predicts mortality in patients undergoing curative surgery for pancreatic head cancer

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Azili C., Tamam S., Benk M. S., Deryol R., Çulcu S., Unal A. E.

Medicine, vol.102, no.36, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 102 Issue: 36
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000035069
  • Journal Name: Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


The clinical significance of the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade in patients with pancreatic head cancer (PHC) undergoing surgery is unknown. Preoperative ALBI grade is believed to be influenced by tumor burden. This study aimed to develop and validate the ALBI grade as a preoperative prognostic model for predicting the survival of patients with PHC. This is a retrospective study of Whipple procedures performed on PHC patients between January 2013 and December 2022. ALBI grade was compared to age, gender, type of operation, presence of complications, type of complications, Clavien-Dindo classification, total bilirubin levels, and albumin levels. Of the series, 46 (41.1%) of the 112 patients were female, while 66 (58.9%) were male. The rate of complications following Whipple procedures was 36.6% (n = 41). The overall mortality hazard ratio increased significantly with increasing ALBI grades (HR: 1538, hazard ratio mean: -1602). Hospital mortality increased 2.84 times as the ALBI grade increased. The model's accuracy of 88.4% showed that the ALBI grade directly affected both the overall mortality rate and the hospital rate. But there was no statistically significant difference between the ALBI grade and other variables. Multivariate regression analysis identified the preoperative ALBI grade as an independent predictor of mortality (P = .006). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to identify preoperative ALBI grade as an independent predictor of survival in PHC. It was found that the ALBI grade of -1602 was a new grading system that would be more predictive of mortality in PHC.