A Preliminary Study on Chapters Related to Human Anatomy in An Illustrated Persian Medical Book: <i>Tanksuqname-i Ilkhan Der Funun-i.Ulum-i Khata'i</i>


ACIDUMAN A., Şems Ş., ARDA B., KİRİLEN G.

BELLETEN, vol.87, no.309, pp.415-437, 2023 (AHCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 87 Issue: 309
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.37879/belleten.2023.415
  • Journal Name: BELLETEN
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Periodicals Index Online, L'Année philologique, American History and Life, Historical Abstracts, Index Islamicus, Linguistic Bibliography, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.415-437
  • Keywords: Cathay medicine, Fadlallāh Rashīd al-Dīn, History of medicine, Ilkhanid dynasty, Oljeitu Khodabandeh, Tānksūqnāme-i Īlkhān Der Funūn-i ‘Ulūm-i Khatā’ī
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Tanksuqname-i Ilkhan Der Funun-i.Ulum-i Khata'i is one of the rarest illustrated medical books in medieval Islamic geography. It is also one of the most uncommon books translated into Persian from Chinese belonging to Cathay medicine in the Islamic world during that era. The Tanksuqname was translated by order of Fadlallah Rashid al-Din b. 'Imad al-Dawla Abu al-Khayr (1247-1318), after Oljeitu Khodabandeh (r. 1304 - 1317) became the ruler in 1304. One of the rarest, probably the unique copy of the Tanksuqname-i Ilkhan is in Ayasofya collection, Nr. 3596 in Istanbul Suleymaniye Manuscript Library. Although the work consists of four volumes/books, we only have the first one. It was copied by a scribe, Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Mahmud Qiwam (Qawwam) al-Kirmani, in Tabriz on 20 Sha'ban 713/10 December 1313 during the reign of Oljeitu Khodabandeh, the eighth ruler of Ilkhanid dynasty in Persia. The first volume of Tanksuqname-i Ilkhan Der Funun-i.Ulum-i Khata'i has chapters and illustrations on human anatomy written and drawn following the Chinese originals. The aim of this study is to present the anatomical knowledge in this book and evaluate it by comparing the classical scientific anatomical knowledge of medieval Islamic medicine.