Is the Text of Ibn Lūqā "A New Evidence" on Pulmonary Circulation Discovery?


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ACIDUMAN A., YILDIZ A., TUZCU K., KIRLANGIÇ H.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF THERAPEUTICS, no.2, pp.170-174, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.58600/eurjther1913
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF THERAPEUTICS
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.170-174
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: The discovery of the pulmonary circulation is one of the most important issues in the history of medicine. Recently, an article appeared comprising an assertion that this discovery may have been made before Ibn al-Naffs by Qusta b. Luqa. The purpose of our study is to examine the text of Qusta b. Luqa to ascertain whether it offers "new evidence" on the discovery of pulmonary circulation. Methods: A comprehensive analysis of the text Qusta b. Luqa and its different copies referenced for the discovery made by Qusta b. Luqa has been made regarding the history of medicine. Results: While Qusta b. Luqa's text contains detailed descriptions of cardiovascular anatomy, the terminologies and concepts employed were consistent with the prevailing medical knowledge of his time. From the perspective of the history of medicine, it can be said that Qusta b. Luqa's text does not sufficiently differentiate from those of his predecessors' regarding the issue of pulmonary circulation. In addition, Qusta b. Luqa mentions the sources he used in his text and does not explicitly claim that he made a discovery different from them. Conclusion: With the available findings, it is difficult for now to say that Qusta b. Luqa discovered the pulmonary circulation in the referenced text.