Evaluation of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders by Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC/TMD) Biobehavioral (Axis II) Screening


Ardıç M., Yalçıntaş Ardıç M., Üçok C.

ACBID 17th INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS, Antalya, Turkey, 10 - 14 May 2024, vol.1, no.1

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate psychometric analyzes of patients suffered with variedtemporomandibular joint disorders using the Research Diagnostic Criteria Axis II form and compared with eachother.

Materials-Methods: 274 patients were examined for this study and 4 patients were excluded various reasons,eventually 270 (212 female and 58 male) patients were evaluated. Then, the patients were examined clinically andradiologically, and the diagnosis was determined. The patients were evaluated in 4 groups: osteoarthritis (group 1),internal derangement (group 2), myofascial pain (group 3) and local myalgia (group 4) groups.

Results: The study was revealed that 16.3% of the patients had osteoarthritis (group 1), 31.5% of patients hadinternal derangement (group 2), 23.3% of patients had myofascial pain (group 3), 28.9% of patients had localmyalgia (group 4). Degrees of depression and somatization, and chronic pain were investigated, it was revealedthat myofascial pain group showed the highest values and, internal derangement group showed the lowest values.There was no difference between the local myalgia and osteoarthritis groups, and both showed higher values thaninternal derangement. It was revealed that myofascial pain group had higher rates use of antidepressant drugscompared to the other groups. There was no difference between the groups in terms of smoking.

Conclusion: According to the results, myofascial pain group were determined as the most depressive group and hadthe heaviest chronic pain. The internal derangement group was determined as the least depressive group and hadthe least chronic pain.