Chemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Crude Extracts of Chlorella sp. in Culture

Tok K. C., Erbil G. Ç., Yayla Ş., Kiymaci M. E., Hürkul M. M.

Hacettepe University Journal of the Faculty of Pharmacy, vol.43, no.2, pp.111-119, 2023 (Scopus) identifier


In this study, the antibacterial activity of methanol and acetone extracts of Chlo-rella sp. was examined. The chemical contents of the extracts were clarified by GC-MS analysis. Antibacterial activity of Chlorella sp. extracts was determined as a minimum inhibitory concentration by broth microdilution method against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Staphylococcus au-reus ATCC 29213. It was found that methanol and acetone extracts of Chlorella sp. showed antibacterial activity against B. subtilis ATCC 6633 (625 µg/ml and 1250 µg/ml, respectively), E. faecalis ATCC 29212 (>5000 µg/ml and 1250 µg/ ml, respectively), E. coli ATCC 25922 (>5000 µg/ml), P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853 (>5000 µg/ml), S. aureus ATCC 29213 (2500 µg/ml) at the specified concentra-tions. In the chemical analysis of the extracts, it was determined that the fatty acids were in high amounts, 33,22%, and 40,41%, respectively, in the methanol and acetone extracts. Among the alternative methods to show activity against pathogenic microorganisms, algae can be a good natural resource. This study showed that Chlorella sp. contains high fatty acids and has the potential as an antibacterial agent of natural origin.