Complete Genome Analyses of a Novel Flexivirus with Unique Genome Organization and Three Endornaviruses Hosted by the Mycorrhizal Fungus Terfezia claveryi


AKATA I., Edis G., ÖZBEY B. G., KESKİN E., ŞAHİN E.

Current Microbiology, vol.81, no.7, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00284-024-03745-2
  • Journal Name: Current Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The extensive use of high-throughput sequencing (HTS) has significantly advanced and transformed our comprehension of virus diversity, especially in intricate settings like soil and biological specimens. In this study, we delved into mycovirus sequence surveys within mycorrhizal fungus species Terfezia claveryi, through employing HTS with total double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) extracts. Our findings revealed the presence of four distinct members from the Alsuviricetes class, one flexivirus designated as Terfezia claveryi flexivirus 1 (TcFV1) and three endornaviruses (TcEV1, TcEV2, and TcEV3) in two different T. claveryi isolates. TcFV1, a member of the order Tymovirales, exhibits a unique genome structure and sequence features. Through in-depth analyses, we found that it shares sequence similarities with other deltaflexiviruses and challenges existing Deltaflexiviridae classification. The discovery of TcFV1 adds to the genomic plasticity of mycoviruses within the Tymovirales order, shedding light on their evolutionary adaptations. Additionally, the three newly discovered endornaviruses (TcEV1, TcEV2, and TcEV3) in T. claveryi exhibited limited sequence similarities with other endornaviruses and distinctive features, including conserved domains like DEAD-like helicase, ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities (AAA ATPase), and RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), indicating their classification as members of new species within the Alphaendornavirus genus. In conclusion, this research emphasizes the importance of exploring viral diversity in uncultivated fungi, bridging knowledge gaps in mycovirus ecology. The discoveries of a novel flexivirus with unique genome organization and endornaviruses in T. claveryi broaden our comprehension of mycovirus diversity and evolution, highlighting the need for continued investigations into viral populations in wild fungi.