Electrochemical detection of lactate produced by foodborne presumptive lactic acid bacteria

Özoğlu Ö., Uzunoglu A., Ünal M. A., Gümüştaş M., Özkan S. A., Korukluoğlu M., ...More

JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOENGINEERING, vol.135, no.4, pp.313-320, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 135 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2022.12.014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.313-320
  • Keywords: Amperometric biosensor, Electrochemical detection, Lactate, Lactic acid bacteria, Quick measurement
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


The detection of lactate is an important indicator of the freshness, stability, and storage stability of products as well as the degree of fermentation in the food industry. In addition, it can be used as a diagnostic tool in patients' healthcare since it is known that the lactate level in blood increases in some pathological conditions. Thus, the determination of lactate level plays an important role in not only the food industry but also in health fields. As a result, biosensor technologies, which are quick, cheap, and easy to use, have become important for lactate detection. In the current study, amperometric lactate biosensors based on lactate oxidase immobilization (with Nafion 5% wt) were designed and the limit of detection, linear range, and sensitivity values were determined to be 31 mu M, 50-350 mu M, and 0.04 mu A mu M-1 cm-2, respectively. Then, it was used for the measurement of lactic acid that produced by six different and morphologically identified presumptive lactic acid bacteria (LAB) which are isolated from different naturally fermented cheese samples. The biosensors were then used to successfully perform lactate measurements within 3 min for each sample, even though a few of them were out of the limit of detection. Thus, electrochemical biosensors should be used as an alternative and quick solutions for the measurement of lactate metabolites rather than the traditional methods which require long working hours. This is the first study to use a biosensor to measure lactate produced by foodborne LAB in a real sample. (c) 2023, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.