Negative symptoms and recollections of parental rejection: The moderating roles of psychological maladjustment and gender

Akün E., Durak Batıgün A.

PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, vol.275, pp.332-337, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 275
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.03.042
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.332-337
  • Keywords: Schizophrenia, Negative symptoms, Parental acceptance rejection, Gender, Psychological adjustment, CHILDHOOD TRAUMA, PSYCHOTIC SYMPTOMS, ACCEPTANCE-REJECTION, STRESS SENSITIVITY, SCHIZOPHRENIA, ADJUSTMENT, ADULTS, ABUSE, ATTACHMENT, HEALTH
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of the study was to investigate the moderating roles of the current self-reported psychological maladjustment and gender in the relationship between perceived parental rejection in childhood and negative symptoms of schizophrenia patients. The study sample consisted of 52 outpatients (20 females and 32 males between the ages of 19 and 61), diagnosed with schizophrenia at Ankara University and Ege University Faculty of Medicine Department of Psychiatry in Turkey. Participants' negative symptoms, recollections of parental rejection, and psychological maladjustment were assessed by Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms, Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, and Personality Assessment Questionnaire, respectively. The findings revealed that negative symptoms were not directly linked to maternal and paternal rejection. However, negative symptoms significantly associated with psychological maladjustment. Three-way interaction (moderated moderation) analyses showed that the effects of perceived maternal and paternal rejection in childhood on negative symptoms were significantly moderated by the current self-reported psychological maladjustment for female patients with schizophrenia, but not for males. The study highlighted the importance of applying trauma or attachment-focused interventions and a gender-specific psychiatric treatment in schizophrenia.