Local Industrial Enterprises Based on Livestock Production and Problems in the Process of Contribution to the Local Economy


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Ucum I., GÜLÇUBUK B.

KSU TARIM VE DOGA DERGISI-KSU JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURE, vol.21, pp.44-54, 2018 (ESCI) identifier

Abstract

In the development of livestock and local economic development, animal husbandry-based industrial management is of paramount importance. For the development of animal production, production must be integrated into the industry sector. Firms operating in the field of animal production have basic functions in terms of production sustainability, value creation, employment and social contributions locally. However, these enterprises are not able to use their capacities fully due to the fact that most of the products based on animal husbandry cannot be transferred to the industry for processing and this situation reduces the local economic contribution created by the enterprises. In the process, the top level of the problems faced by the enterprises is the lack of organization of the cold chain system, the lack of organization of the producers in the face of large-scale enterprises and/or the inadequacy of the producers. On the other hand, the attitude of the firms that are processing red meat to buy animals at a low prices and the inconsistency in purchasing time duration appear as another problem. In the scope of this study, many of the enterprises discussed in the province of Erzurum where the field study was carried out stated that they experienced difficulties in supplying the milk in the desired quantity and access to the live animal. Looking general aspects of the this issue, Erzurum is the highest number of animals sustaining province in Turkey with 80 growers and 20 dairy farms in livestock functioning operations. The results of a field survey conducted by five family business in these areas were discussed in this study. In the light of the main findings obtained from this study; in order to solve the problems experienced in animal husbandry, an integration is necessary to protect the mutual rights and interests of both cultivation and processing industry and to increase the contribution to the local economy. The most important elements to ensure the sustainability of the integration will be price and support policies and local strategy approaches.