Fabrication of an Electrochemical Sensor Based on a Molecularly Imprinted Polymer for the Highly Sensitive and Selective Determination of the Antiretroviral Drug Zidovudine in Biological Samples

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Karadurmus L., ÖZKAN S. A.

Micromachines, vol.14, no.10, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/mi14101881
  • Journal Name: Micromachines
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: molecularly imprinted polymers, photopolymerization, voltammetry, Zidovudine
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (MIP) have demonstrated considerable potential when combined with electrochemical sensors, exhibiting high sensitivity, selectivity and reproducibility levels. The aim of this work is to detect Zivudine (ZDV) in serum samples by means of an interface imprinting technique-based electrochemical sensor. Thus, ZDV was used as a template for the creation of an MIP-based electrochemical sensor, and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was used as the determination technique for the molecule. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques were also used to characterize the electrochemical sensor capabilities, which showed a good linearity between 1.0 × 10−10 M and 1.0 × 10−9 M. ZDV was detected with a detection limit of 1.63 × 10−11 M, while the recovery analysis of spiked serum samples demonstrated that the sensor was highly selective.