The comparison of lytic activity of isolated phage and commercial Intesti bacteriophage on ESBL producer E. coli and determination of Ec_P6 phage efficacy with in vivo Galleria mellonella larvae model

EROL H. B., KAŞKATEPE B., Ozturk S., Safi Oz Z.

Microbial Pathogenesis, vol.167, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 167
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.micpath.2022.105563
  • Journal Name: Microbial Pathogenesis
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Bacteriophage, E. coli, ESBL, Galleria mellonella, Intesti bacteriophage, RESISTANT ESCHERICHIA-COLI, THERAPY, STRAINS, DIVERSITY, VITRO
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier LtdAntibiotic resistance is one of the crucial public health challenges. As a result of rising resistance, as an alternative to antimicrobials, demands for bacteriophage therapy have increased significantly over the years. The objective of this study was to isolate and characterize potentially therapeutic phages active against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and compare the efficacy with commercial Intesti bacteriophage on the extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) positive E. coli (ESBL-EC) and performed the effectiveness of bacteriophage using the Galleria mellonella (G. mellonella) larvae model. Intesti bacteriophage is a polyvalent bacteriophage-based drug. The isolated bacteriophages were obtained from the river and clinical isolates of E. coli were used for the enrichment of bacteriophage isolation. The phages were first screened based on plaque morphology and host ranges determined on clinical strains. The susceptibility of phages was determined against 50 clinical isolates of E. coli and eight different laboratory isolates using the spot test technique. E. coli lytic phage Ec_P6 was used to determine the therapeutic and preventive effects on the G. mellonella larvae model. The slides were prepared by G. mellonella hemolymph for cytologic examination, stained with May Grünwald Giemsa (MGG), and evaluated by light microscopy. The results of the activities revealed lytic spectra ranging from 24% to 97%. Overall strains were susceptible to one or more phages from the panel. It was proved that Intesti bacteriophage is very effective in a wide variety of strains of E. coli including test strains, also showed that isolated Ec_P6 phage is as effective as commercial phage. The best MOI of this phage was 0.01, and infectivity decreased above 60 °C. The results suggest that phage is stable at pH values ranging between 5.0 and 9.0. In vivo study was found that in E. coli infection to achieve a survival high rate the infected larvae should be after 2 h treated with 0.01 MOI phage (10 μL, 106 PFU/mL) and colistin doses (10 μL, 2.5 mg/kg). It also prevented infection, increasing the survival of the larvae compared to the untreated control group. Ec_P6 phage was found to have a potential for the treatment of E. coli infections.