Selective and Sensitive MIP-Based Electrochemical Sensor for the Analytical Determination of Lanreotide

Ozkan E., Emin Çorman M., NEMUTLU E., ÖZKAN S. A., Kır S.

Microchemical Journal, vol.202, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 202
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.microc.2024.110780
  • Journal Name: Microchemical Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Index Islamicus, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Lanreotide, Molecularly Imprinted Polymer, N-Methacryloyl-L-Glutamic Acid, Photopolimerization, Sensor
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Lanreotide (LAN) is an analog of somatostatin used to treat acromegaly and neuroendocrine tumors. Considering drug toxicity and the lack of sensitive techniques in drug analysis, the development of sensitive analytical methods is of great importance. During this research, a molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) based film [P(HEMA-MAGA)@MIP/GCE] was prepared by photopolymerization technique for electrochemical determination of LAN for the first time. N-methacryloyl-L-glutamic acid (MAGA) and hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) were used as functional and basic monomers, respectively. The surface alterations were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and the chemical composition of the MIP-based sensor. The electrochemical characterization of the modified electrodes was assessed using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in standard solution and spiked serum sample of LAN, the linear response range for LAN was obtained as 1.0x10 − 14 M – 1.0x10 − 13 M. The limit of detection (LOD) values were 1.76x10 − 15 M and 1.82x10 − 15 M in water and commercial human serum, respectively. The limit of quantitation (LOQ) values for these were 5.85x10 − 15 M and 6.07x10 − 15 M, respectively. The P(HEMA-MAGA)@MIP/GCE sensor also showed excellent recovery in pharmaceutical preparation and commercial human serum form with of 99.37 % and 99.27 %, respectively, with a good RSD value (0.51–0.73), confirming the accuracy and precision of the sensor. As a control, the non-imprinted polymer (NIP) was also prepared to serve in the same way but without the template. The selectivity experiments were conducted using somatostatin (SOM) and octreotide (OC) as potential competitors to demonstrate the selectivity of the proposed sensor against LAN molecules.