Prevalence of Multiple Miliary Type of Osteoma Cutis in the Maxillofacial Region as an Incidental Finding: A Retrospective Cone Beam Computed Tomography Study

Gündüz K., Serindere G., Avsever H., ORHAN K.

West Indian Medical Journal, vol.71, no.1, pp.33-36, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.7727/wimj.2018.030
  • Journal Name: West Indian Medical Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.33-36
  • Keywords: Multiple miliary osteomas, osteoma cutis, prevalence
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: Miliary osteoma cutis (MOC) is a rare variant of osteoma cutis in which multiple fragments of bone formations are embedded in the skin. In general, they are asymptomatic, benign and detected incidentally on radiographic examination. Methods: This prevalence study was made by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. A total of893 CBCTscans were evaluated. A total of202 ofthem were excludedbecause of poor diagnostic quality. The occurrence frequency of incidentally found multiple miliary type of osteoma cutis in head and neck area was noted. Median and range were used to describe the age of the patients. Results: A total of691 CBCT images were screened. Ofthese, 268 (38.8%) werefrom female patients and 423 (61.2%) were from male patients. The median age ofpatients referredfor CBCTwas 45.0 (IQR=30.0) years andwithin the age range of5-84 years. A total of22 (3.2%) multiple MOC cases in the maxillofacial region were discovered on 691 patients’CBCTscans. Conclusion: Calcified lesions in the head and neck region were commonly seen in CBCT -mages. Although most of-he calcifications are asymptomatic and require no treatment, diagnosis should be carefully made to avoid unnecessary further diagnostic assessments. It will also provide the ability to comprehensively evaluate underlying diseases.