ARCHIVES OF SUICIDE RESEARCH, vol.4, no.2, pp.157-168, 1998 (SSCI)
Turkey has a comparably low rate of suicide internationally; however, a slow but constant increase is occurring. Deaths due to suicide peak in males among 15-24 and 25-34 year olds. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the various variables (e.g., depression, loneliness) associated with suicide; specifically, the reasons for living. The results indicate, as predicted, that people with more optimism towards life are less prone to depression and loneliness. In this Turkish sample, females were significantly more optimistic, a finding divergent from the international literature to date. Cultural factors and related contradictory findings in the West are discussed (e.g., moral/religious values).