Finite element analysis of forces created by root separation and resection modelling.

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ÜNSAL E., Eskitaşiloglu G., Soykan E., Walsh T. F.

Journal of oral science, vol.44, no.2, pp.79-84, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.2334/josnusd.44.79
  • Journal Name: Journal of oral science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.79-84
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Natural teeth with a healthy periodontal support exhibit stress transfer when functional forces are applied to them. These stress patterns show considerable variations during differing treatment modalities, which may influence both the tooth and supporting alveolar bone. The purpose of this study was to evaluate variations in the stress transfer under functional loads on first molars with periodontal furcation involvement, which were treated either with by root resection or root separation. This study used a two dimensional mathematical model of a mandibular first molar that was subjected to either a root separation or a root resection procedure. An evenly distributed dynamic load (600 N) was applied on two buccal cusps and distal fossae of the molar in centric occlusion. The analysis was performed using an IBM-compatible computer running standard analysis software. It was found that in the root resection model the stress values were maximum on the centre of rotation, and compressive stresses increased towards the middle of the cervical line. For the root separation model, the maximum shear stress values were observed in the distal portion, and a uniform stress distribution was observed in the mesial portion. Shear stress values for bone increased towards the centre in the bifurcation area. The outcomes of this study may be useful as a guide in clinical restorative procedures.