This article deals with the political struggle during the establishment of the Fourth Republic which is renowned with its weak coalition governments. Anti-parliamentarism, a strong and resistant political tendency in French political history, re-emerged under the leadership of General de Gaulle in that time period. When France was occupied in 1940, Free French Movement under the leadership of him was organized in London for the liberation of France. While he struggled to convince the Allies that he was an equal partner, he was trying to become the leader of the emerging Fourth Republic. Despite the political struggle of de Gaulle, parliamentarism became dominant in France again with the Constitution of the Fourth Republic. The main reason of his failure was his underestimation of the influence of political parties and the political elite of the Third Republic.