Investigation of the Psychometric Properties of the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire in Turkish Parents

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Şarahman Kahraman C., Memi˙ç İnan C., YABANCI AYHAN N., ÖZÇELİK A. Ö.

Public Health Nutrition, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/s1368980024001125
  • Journal Name: Public Health Nutrition
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Child nutrition, Children's eating behaviors, Children's eating scale, Feeding Practices, Parent-child relations
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ) measures parental attitudes toward feeding practices that directly influence children's eating habits. This study aims to determine the reliability and validity of the Turkish adaptation of the CFPQ developed by Musher-Eizenman et al. Design: Validity and reliability analyses were conducted for the T-CFPQ. In addition to reliability analyses and partial correlations between scale dimensions, correlations between scale dimensions according to mothers' BMI and children's BMI z-scores were also examined. Setting: Parents with children aged 18 months to 8 years living in the community. Participants: The study sample consisted of 274 parents with children aged 18 months to 8 years who agreed to participate in the online survey. Results: In this study, 47 items and 12-factor structure describing feeding practices were supported by CFA. Although most of the dimensions of the T-CFPQ showed significant correlations with each other, the highest correlation was found between the encourage balance/variety and the dimension of modeling and teaching nutrition (r=0.53; 0.50) (p<0.05). There was a negative correlation between the child's BMI z-score and the pressure to eat dimension (r=-0.173; p<0.01) and a positive correlation between the restriction for weight dimension (r =0.339; p<0.01). Maternal BMI was negatively associated with the involvement dimension (r=-0.121; p<0.05) and positively associated with the restriction for weight dimension (r=0.154; p<0.01). Conclusions: The findings revealed that the T-CFPQ is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be applied to obtain the necessary information for evaluating nutritional interactions between parent and child.