Possibility on ensuring the health and safety of agricultural workers: An analysis based on field study in Turkey

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Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, vol.8, no.5, pp.173-183, 2020 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.13189/ujar.2020.080505
  • Journal Name: Universal Journal of Agricultural Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.173-183
  • Keywords: Agricultural employment, Agricultural labor, Agricultural sector, Law no.6331, Turkey-Ankara, Work health and safety
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Copyright © 2020 by authors, all rights reserved. Authors agree that this article remains permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International LicenseThe sector of agriculture is marked by a wide range of activities involving high risks, and this fact is relevant to all parties who are related to this sector in some way. Most agricultural activities that take place outdoors are susceptible to natural disasters at any time. This is a permanent threat to safety and health of people working in agriculture. The Turkish Law No. 6331 on Work Health and Safety covers all sectors where enterprises employ one or more persons. Still, there are significant difficulties in applying the law to the sector of agriculture. The main reason is the high incidence of informal employment including women and children. In 2019, for example, 86.6% of total labor force in agriculture was in informal status. While the rate is 79.1 for males, it is much higher 96.3 for females. These are figures much above the case in other sectors. It also means that people working in agriculture are excluded from social security schemes and without protection in terms of work safety and health. The present article presents and discusses the findings of a field study on the level of perception related to work health and safety of farmers (51 farmers) engaged in crop farming in Beypazarı, a district of Ankara Province. It also deals with how the "Work Health and Safety Law" is translated into practice, examines the socioeconomic status of farmers on the basis of questionnaires administered and investigates the farmers' perception safety and health along with the activities they consider risky.