The role of psychological self-report scales in selection and evaluation of drivers


ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, vol.11, no.3, pp.235-241, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.235-241
  • Keywords: traffic psychology, personality, psychological symptoms, anger, type-A personality, A-BEHAVIOR PATTERN, TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, PERSONALITY, ANGER, PREDICTORS, STRESS, RISK, ROAD
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The aim of the current study was to check, also widely-used in Turkish traffic psychology area, 'Brief Symptom Inventory', Type-A Personality Scale' and 'Multidimensional Anger Scale' on professional drivers or traffic offenders who apply to psychotechnical evaluation centers to performance rating or to regain their driving license. Methods: The study included 561 male drivers between the ages of 20 and 50 years and mean of the age was 33.67 +/- 8.64. One hundred fifty nine of them were drivers who lost driving licence because of offence against traffic rules acorrding to Law of the Road that is numbered 2918. Two hundred forty eight of them were drivers who apply the centers because of performance rating or employment application. The others (154 drivers) were volunteer who chosen randomly. As the assessment instruments Brief Symptom Inventory, Type-A Personality Scale and Multidimensional Anger Scale were used. Results: Psychometric analyses revealed that drivers who the driver licences were held back got significantly lower scores for Brief Symptom Inventory, the subscales aggressive behaviors and revenge seeking behaviors of Multidimensional Anger Scale. In addition, the drivers presenting for performance evaluation and the drivers whose license was taken got significantly higher scores for the subscale importance placed on time of Type-A Personality Scale and the subscales keeping calm, introvert reactions and reckless behaviors of Multidimensional Anger Scale than the volunteers. When the results of the discriminant function analyses were evaluated the results showed that the drivers presenting for performance evaluation were the most accurately classified at the rate of 77.7%, followed by the volunteers at the rate of 56% and the drivers whose driving license was taken at the rate of 14.5%. Discussion: The results of self-reported psychological scales should be evaluated very carefully in driver selection and evaluation. Self-report scales that were used at the current study were not sufficient criteria alone. It was arised that, beside these kind of scales, some different method especially interview technique must be used. (Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2010; 11:235-241)