Prices, availability and affordability of selected essential medicines for chronic diseases in Türkiye

Özler G., Işık O.

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN HEALTH JOURNAL, vol.29, no.11, pp.850-860, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.26719/emhj.23.117
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, CINAHL, EMBASE, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.850-860
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Fair access to essential medicines is a significant parameter in fulfilling the right to basic health. Aim: We investigated the availability, prices and affordability of essential medicines for chronic diseases in Ankara, Türkiye. Methods: We used the procedures outlined in the WHO and Health Action International guidelines for measuring prices, availability, affordability, and price components of medicines. The sample consisted of 334 (14%) of the 2354 pharmacies in Ankara, and 24 essential medicines for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and palliative care, adopted from the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (2021). We collected the data in 2021 using a questionnaire administered through face-to-face survey and analysed the data using SPSS version 22. Results: The findings showed that 15 medicines (62.5% of the selected medicines) met the 80% availability target set by WHO, while 9 did not. The original medicines were more readily available than the generic ones. Among the original medicines, furosemide (10.11) and acetylsalicylic acid (9.26) had the highest median price ratios. The generic medicines seemed to be more affordable than original medicines. Glibenclamide, budesonide, gliclazide, and diazepam had low availability and were sold at higher prices than their international reference prices. Conclusion: This research highlights priority areas of action to improve access to affordable medicines for chronic diseases in Ankara, Türkiye