Revisiting the tragedy of the commons: lessons from past and the way forward

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Gülçubuk B., Tiryakioğlu F. Ö.

Forum on Fisheries Science in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea 2024 (Fish Forum 2024), Antalya, Turkey, 19 - 23 February 2024, vol.1, pp.88

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.88
  • Ankara University Affiliated: Yes


Revisiting the tragedy of the commons: lessons from past and the way forward

The concept of the tragedy of the commons, first introduced by Garrett Hardin in 1968, remains a prescient framework for understanding the complex challenges posed by the overexploitation of shared resources and other contributing factors. Today, particularly in the Mediterranean basin, this tragedy manifests most prominently in the context of fisheries, exacerbated by other factors such as climate change, pollution, invasive species and the shared use of resources. To address the tragedy of the commons, several solutions have been proposed in previous studies, some of which still hold their validity today. In this paper, after making a general reference to the concept of the tragedy of the commons, the problems experienced in fisheries and the way these problems affect the stakeholders were discussed. Within the scope of our common future, sustainability targets were examined specifically for fisheries and socioeconomic determinations were made for the future. Some suggestions that provide hope for addressing these pressing issues to prevent any potential tragedy were presented. It becomes evident that a more holistic approach is needed, as the fisheries system is no longer a closed entity within the basin; it is interconnected with various external pressures. Empowering fishing communities with emerging technologies could serve as a promising starting point, making use of the resources and support provided by United Nations, FAO and GFCM instruments. Additionally, there is a growing need for enhanced cooperation and coordination among sectors benefiting from the basin to prevent a potential tragedy